This Day in History

1778 The opera house La Scala opened in Milan, Italy, with a performance of Antonio Salieri’s “Europa riconosciuta.”
1914 At the outbreak of World War I, British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey remarked: “The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime.”
1914 Germany declared war on France.
1923 Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as the 30th president of the United States, one day after President Warren G. Harding died of a heart attack.
1943 Gen. George S. Patton slapped a private at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice.
1948 Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist, publicly accused former State Department official Alger Hiss of having been part of a Communist underground, a charge Hiss denied.
1949 The National Basketball Association was formed.
1981 U.S. air traffic controllers went on strike, despite a warning from President Ronald Reagan that they would be fired.
1987 The Iran-Contra congressional hearings ended with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Ronald Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
1994 Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as a Supreme Court justice.
2011 Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak denied all charges against him as he went on trial for alleged corruption and complicity in the deaths of protesters who’d helped drive him from power.

Historic Birthdays

63 Sir Joseph Paxton 8/3/1801 – 6/8/1865 – English landscape gardener and hothouse designer
85 Hamilton Fish 8/3/1808 – 9/6/1893 – American secretary of state (1869-77)
49 Elisha Graves Otis 8/3/1811 – 4/8/1861 – American inventor
40 Henry Cuyler Bunner 8/3/1855 – 5/11/1896 – English poet
80 Stanley Baldwin 8/3/1867 – 12/14/1947 – British Conservative; three times prime minister (1923-1937)
27 Rupert Brooke 8/3/1887 – 4/23/1915 – English poet, novelist and editor
89 Maggie Kuhn 8/3/1905 – 4/22/1995 – American activist; formed the Gray Panthers
87 Alexandre Trauner 8/3/1906 – 12/5/1993 – Hungarian-born French art film director
88 Ernesto Geisel 8/3/1908 – 9/12/1996 – Brazilian army general and vice-president (1974- 1979)

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